Professional Tax

Professional Tax: All You Need to Know

When you take a look at your payslips, you will notice a small deduction mentioned on it, along with the other components like HRA, conveyance and basic salary break ups. This deduction is usually around Rs. 200 and is termed as professional tax. Generally, this type of tax varies from state to state and in certain places, you may realise that there is no deduction made under this heading. Let’s begin by answering the most basic question- “What is professional tax?”

What is Professional Tax?

Professional tax can be defined as a tax that is levied by a state government on all individuals who earn a living through any medium. This must not be confused with the definition of other professionals such as doctors or lawyers. This is a type of tax that needs to be paid by each and every individual earning income. The calculation of this tax and the amount collected differs from one state to another. However, the limit has been set to Rs. 2500 per year.

Why does professional tax vary for different people?

Since professional tax is levied by the state government, it tends to differ for various states. Each state declares a slab and the professional tax is deducted on the basis of these slabs. However, there are few states and union territories in India that do not charge professional tax too. It is paid by dividing the annual professional tax due into 12 equal instalments, which are to be paid every month. February, as a month, is an exception where the tax is higher than the other months. There might be situations where sources of income falling under different sectors are also liable for a separate tax. To cite an instance, in some states, an individual running a business in the transport industry might be liable to pay a professional tax of about Rs. 50 per annum for every vehicles he owns. This may be subject to a cap of Rs. 1,000 per annum.